Gabriel Brings an Answer20 While I was speaking and praying, confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my plea before the Lord my God for the holy hill of my God, 21 while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the first, came to me in swift flight at the time of the evening sacrifice. 22 He made me understand, speaking with me and saying, “O Daniel, I have now come out to give you insight and understanding. 23 At the beginning of your pleas for mercy a word went out, and I have come to tell it to you, for you are greatly loved. Therefore consider the word and understand the vision.
The Seventy Weeks24 “Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place.25 Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in a troubled time. 26 And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are decreed. 27 And he shall make a strong covenant with many for one week, and for half of the week he shall put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until the decreed end is poured out on the desolator.”
Accompanying sermon by Richard DeMass: Gabriel's Good Tidings
Accompanying sermon by John MacArthur: Isreal's Future Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3 as well as a standalone sermon The Arrival of the King
Accompanying sermon by Ray Pritchard: A Peek into God's Calendar
The beginning of our passage tells us that God hears our prayers, particularly when prayed using the model Daniel gave us in the preceding passage. Here, specifically, God send Gabriel to answer Daniel's prayer in a far grander scale than Daniel could have imagined.
God spells out some very specific prophesy in v24-27.
The seventy weeks are weeks of years and, therefore, add up to 490 years. The first 7 weeks (49 years) begin at the decree for the city of Jerusalem to be rebuilt. This happened in Nehemiah 2 March 14th, 445BC. They rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem amongst turmoil, but they finished it in 49 years, in 396BC which also marked the ending of the ministry of Malachi and the close of the OT canon.
Now, these are years that are 360 days according to the Jewish calendar. So, 69 years of weeks is 483 years that are 360 days each which would equal 173,880 days. This is a bit complicated but it's very fascinating.
The 69th year culminated the day Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey, and only a handful of days later He was killed, cut off, not for anything He did because He was sinless, but for us.
And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are decreed.
We know this was fulfilled in 70AD when Titus Vespasian, the Roman general, destroyed Jerusalem with a flood of soldiers. It was utter devastation - History tells us Titus attacked with Roman artillery, he smashed the walls. They caught everybody they could that was outside of the city and mercenaries crucified as many as 500 a day until there was a forest of people crucified all outside the city. And the historians tell us that an unbearable stench hung over the countryside. A million died, 100,000 bodies were thrown out over the wall.
the people of the prince who is to come.... shall make a strong covenant with many for one week, and for half of the week he shall put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until the decreed end is poured out on the desolator.
The Roman empire destroyed Jerusalem, and out of the revived Roman empire (spoken of in Daniel's previous prophecy) will come a prince who will make a covenant for that 70th week, the Anti-Christ, with the Jews. But half way through he puts an end to their religion and completely desecrates the temple by putting up an idol to call the people to worship him, which kicks off the Great Tribulation, the final holocaust of the world. Until the decreed end - when sin will be destroyed forever, righteous will reign forever, and all believers will be perfectly reconciled with God.
But we don't know when that 70th year will start - no timeline is given because no one knows the hours except for God the Father. We are living in the gap between the 69th and 70th year. But we know that 70th year is coming, because God has declared it and He always keeps His promises.
Happy St Patrick's Day!
“Christ with me,
Christ before me,
Christ behind me,
Christ in me,
Christ beneath me,
Christ above me,
Christ on my right,
Christ on my left,
Christ when I lie down,
Christ when I sit down,
Christ when I arise,
Christ in the heart of every man who thinks of me,
Christ in the mouth of everyone who speaks of me,
Christ in every eye that sees me,
Christ in every ear that hears me.”
― St. Patrick
“I pray to God to give me perseverance and to deign that I be a faithful witness to Him to the end of my life for my God.”
― St. Patrick
Tomorrow's scripture focus: Daniel 10